Tag Archives: Children Youth and Family


By Chigoziem Ellen Onugha


Tracing from the biblical assertion;

“Children are the heritage of the Lord.

Children are rewards from the Lord.

Children are like young man’s arrow.

Children are the source of joy and happiness.

They are rewards from God on high.

Young they may be now, but great tomorrow.

The Lord Himself has placed them high, above all gods and mighty men.

So, why not come and join the blessed to make friends with God’s heritage.”


This piece is so notable that it was translated into a song. Something interesting that every child could relate to. For me, this is the most popular children’s Christian song, and a large amount of us sang this song while growing up, at bible study classes.

Nelson Mandela in one of his speeches said, and I quote;

“There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children.”

Wess Stafford, President Emeritus of Compassion International once said, and I quote;

“Every child you encounter is a divine appointment.”


No matter how one looks at it, the importance of a child is never in question. It is unfortunate that children are not treated same way they are sent. One important thing people have refused to learn is the fact that every man was once a child, and whichever way a society turns out, is dependent on how that child who would someday become a man is treated.

Putting it in our traditional setting, there is an Igbo adage that goes;

“O bughi otu onye na-azu nwa”.

The above adage simply means that a child is not raised by one person. Grooming and care for children is far beyond what the parents of any child can offer. It is the duty of a society to care for and raise every child found in it.

Sometime ago, I was having a discussion with a friend. The discussion was centered on the depth of insecurity and bad leadership in our society, and a further discussion on the foundation of corruption which translates into bad leadership ensued. We discussed so much that we traced the foundation of bad leadership to how each family and the society cares for and raises every child.

Children are like a foundation. Except it is strongly built, whatever that is built on it cannot stand. Consequences for negligence on children is eternal, because it translates into what they society is.


Children constitute the most vulnerable section of every society, and when we talk about rights, we oftentimes forget about child rights which is critical and an essential part of human rights.

In my own definition of child rights, I would say; Child rights are those rights that need you and I who are adults and above all members of the society, to be protected, to be respected and to be observed.

Unlike we who are grown and can enforce our rights suo moto, a child needs you for his rights to be enforced. These rights are special. We must respect that.


We should learn to give more attention to those things that can not survive except we make them survive.

“Every child is an example of the future, and every future is an example of a society”.


Lawyers Alert hereby puts our readers on notice that this article is based on the writers opinion and do not necessarily represent the views of the organization except otherwise stated.


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Photo: Discharged former Maoist rebels and child soldiers carry their belongings after a ceremony at Rolpa,west of Katmandu, Nepal, February, 2010. (AP/Gemunu Amarasinghe)

By Virginie Ladisch

On this Universal Children’s Day, let us take another step towards honoring article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which calls on states to recognize the right of children to participate in processes that affect them. Currently, that right is not fully implemented in reintegration programs for former child soldiers, to the detriment of themselves and their communities. In order to open space for meaningful participation we need to move past the dominant view of former child soldiers as passive victims.

The failure to look beyond the identity of former child soldiers as victims, to ask them about the complexity of their past and how they envision their future (one which builds on both the negative and positive experiences they have had), leads to programs that do not respond fully to their interests or needs.

As a young woman demobilized at age 16 from the FARC in Colombia explained about reintegration programs, “Many of us possess vast experience in the areas of survival, health, and discipline that we gained as a result of our time in the armed groups. But it’s not appreciated. They force us to push aside these things, to erase them, in order to create a new future that denies what we were and what we learned. They guide us to accept an identity that is not ours, to be bakers and cobblers….”

Without the necessary support, it may be easier for many former child soldiers to return to the ranks than to struggle to build a better future. As noted by a demobilized youth in Colombia, “There are no spaces to reflect on our stories; there is no mourning process. They focus on how to prepare us to fit into society’s norms, without understanding why, at some point, we left them behind.”

In Nepal , for some girls who took up arms with the Maoists, demobilization represented a step backwards in terms of their capacity to shape their own future. Returning home meant facing a possible forced marriage or a life of indentured servitude. Asking more questions about why children joined the ranks and their concerns for the future will yield information that can guide policies to address the root causes that led to their vulnerability in the first place.

Ultimately, reintegration and reparation programs for former child soldiers aim to provide children and youth with the necessary support to become active and engaged members of a peaceful society. Ideally, through these programs, former child soldiers are given the tools to make choices that contribute to peace, rather than violence. The capacity to make positive choices and demonstrate moral agency are attributes that need to be encouraged and fostered in children, especially former child soldiers.

However, the dominant narrative that has shaped reintegration programming has conceptualized child soldiers primarily as passive victims. This has been necessary in order to secure legal protection for this group. Yet, at the social and political level, a victim-only approach imposes a straightjacket of innocence on former child soldiers that does not allow them to deal with their own possible feelings of remorse or their community’s potential resentment.

Looking beyond the “victim-perpetrator” binary, we should allow former child soldiers the space to discuss feelings of guilt or remorse and place those experiences within the larger context of structural poverty, war, and insecurity.

In Colombia, for example, former child combatants have expressed an interest in supporting initiatives that would help identify mass grave sites or prevent future recruitment. One boy who worked with a local community group was given the space to provide information to a family about where their relatives were buried. According to him, this was important in that it helped ease the family’s pain, but it also helped ease his own pain. This is an example of an approach that acknowledges the complex range of identities held by child combatants and that empowers them to assert their moral agency.

Putting this approach into practice, the state-run reintegration program in Colombia, which currently requires community service, could give former child soldiers a choice to address their moral responsibility through specific initiatives that seek to redress past harms or prevent future recruitment, rather than requiring them to clean up a park in a city where they have no connection.

By presuming victimhood and overlooking the complexities of child participation in armed conflict, we lose an opportunity to understand the full range of factors that lead to recruitment, which in turn impedes the process of identifying adequate solutions or guarantees of non-repetition. As a start, those who are working to help reintegrate former child soldiers need to ask them about their experiences, give them space to process their feelings of guilt, and identify their needs and possible solutions for integration into a peaceful society.


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Posted by on December 10, 2013 in Human Rights


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